Man and culture

Bliesgau can look back on a long history of human habitation. The Celts (Reinheim) and the Romans (Homburg Schwarzenacker) settled the region.
Today the north is most densely populated thanks to the expansion of cities and general urbanisation, while in the south; the old cultivated landscape that has been shaped by agriculture has been preserved.

 

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Old orchard meadow                                                        Grainfield

In terms of its political history, the region has been shaped by a constant change in the territorial affiliation. In the 19th century it belonged in part to Prussia and in part to Bavaria. Later it changed hands between Germany and France several times.
The Biosphere Reserve Bliesgau's inclusion in urban, sub-urban and rural sub-areas – over a comparatively small area – means great diversity in a structural and functional respect, but also with respect to ecological, social and economic contexts.