Animals in the Bliesgau Biosphere Preserve

Bliesgau is also very important to the biodiversity of our fauna. It is less the case that the spectacular species which are under threat right across Germany  are characteristic for Bliesgau than the many regional species found here, sometimes at the outmost edges of their natural habitat areas, that lend the Bliesgau its unique character as a wildlife region. It has long been demonstrated that the biotopes seen in Bliesgau that are important for their flora (limestone-nutrient-poor grassland with the rich proliferation of orchids), are also important habitat types for fauna. Worthy of mention here are the varieties of insects (locusts, butterflies, cicadas), births such as the wood lark (Lullula arborea), the woodchat shrike (Lanius senator), the red-backed shrike (Lanius collurius) or reptiles, which– if you want to name the typical fauna of the Bliesgau’s nutrient-poor limestone grasslands – are specifically adapted to the nutrient-poor limestone grassland.

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Golden fritillary                                                               Sand lizard

There is one particular type worth mentioning among the mammals: the beaver (which has been successfully reintroduced along the Blies after having been successfully re-established along the Ill and has since spread out from there) and various species of bat, e.g. those that winter in the castle caverns near Homburg or in the old limestone mine in Gersheim. Also included among the more than 40 mammal species in the Bliesgau biosphere Reserve are e.g. wild cats, hedgehogs, moles, foxes, badgers and the dormouse.


Along with the types of birds already mentioned as typical of this habitat, the red kite and the white stork are worth mentioning. Together with the little owl they are an indicator of the old cultivated landscape, which is typical of the traditional agricultural landscape of fruit orchards.
Reptiles and amphibians that are typical of the region include the yellow-bellied toad, the crested newt and the smooth snake.


Bliesgau is currently the only region in the Saarland that is a known habitat for the FFH-species of the diurnal butterfly (dusky large blue, thyme-large blue, the large copper, the golden fritillary). You can find more information about some interesting species in Bliesgau right here.

 

Liste der Brutvogelarten im Bliesgau (Stand 2011)

Liste der Tagfalter und Widderchen im Bliesgau (Stand 2012)